Edinburgh, Scotland, United KingdomPhotos
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Gallery 29 features Edinburgh, Scotland's capital. The Old and New Towns were listed as a World Heritage Sites in 1995. Images from both are displayed includimg panoramic views of 12th Century Edinburgh Castle at sunset and night, Calton Hill, The Place of Holyroodhouse built in 1128, Scotish Parliment, Our Dynamic Earth, Nelson's Monument, National Monument, Scott Monument, St Giles Cathedral, Canongate Tolbooth built in 1591, Balmoral Hotel, West Princes Street Gardens, Firth of Forth, bagpipes, Old Carlton Burial Ground Monument, Governor's House.United Kingdom.
Edinburgh Castle is a historic monument and a working military establishment where the Scottish Division headquarters are based. The oldest surviving part of the castle is a tiny Norman chapel built in the 12th century. Named St.Margaret's chapel after the saintly wife of Malcolm III. It includes a stained glass window commerating William Wallace leading Scots in battle against the English in 1297. Crown Square, the principle courtyard, was developed in the 15th century. The Great Hall, with ornate hammerbeam roofing, which was built by James IV in 1510 holds a fine collection of armour and weapons.
The castle also includes the Dog's Cemetary which is a little garden built in the remains of a medeival tower. It has been used as a burial ground for officer's pet dogs and regimental mascots since the 1840's.
North View From Edinburgh Castle
The North of the castle offers spectacular views over the city's new town. In the foreground is Princes Street Gardens which was once the Nor Loch (drained in 1759). Behind is the New Town; Princes Street, Rose Street, George Street & Queens Street with St. Andrews Sqaure to the East and Charlotte Sqaure to the West. The Firth of Forth is clearly seen in the background as are the hills of Fife.
Nelson's Monument can be seen on top of of Calton Hill to the East. The ball on top of the telescope shaped tower drops at One o' clock as a signal to ships in the Forth. Scott Monument, The Scott Monument is a Victorian Gothic monument to Scottish author Sir Walter Scott. It stands in Princes Street Gardens in Edinburgh, opposite the Jenners department store on Princes Street. It stands 60m high and was completed in 1846.
Edinburgh combines both modern and traditional architecture side by side. Modern architecture such as the Scottish Parliament sits alongside wonderful baroque buildings such as the Palace of Holyroodhouse.
Calton Hill is famous for its collection of historic monuments, which include some of the most important landmarks of the city. The National Monument, inspired by the Parthenon in Athens, commemorates the Scottish servicemen who died in the Napoleonic Wars. It was never completed leaving just the twelve columns visible today. The Nelson Monument is shaped like an up-turned telescope. It was completed in 1816 and commemorates the death of Admiral Lord Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805. The Walter Scot Monument was built by George Meikle Kemp in 1844. The monument is decorated with 64 statuettes representing characters from Scott’s books, from Mary Queen of Scots and John Knox to Friar Tuck and Rob Roy. There are a total of 287 statuettes to the top of the monument.
Useful Edinburgh websites:
On the Royal Mile
Scotland's National Tourism Organization Web site
Edinburgh World Heritage Website